European Roller ( Coracias garrulus, family: Coraciidae)

Kruger Park European Roller BirdThe European Roller (Latin name Coracias garrulus) is described in Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, 7th Edition. This bird has a unique Roberts number of 446 and you will find a full description of this bird on page 168 also a picture of the European Roller on page 192. The European Roller belongs to the family of birds classified as Coraciidae. According to the Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology the European Roller is also known by these other names: Roller, Blue Roller, Common Roller, Eurasian Roller.

The map of the Kruger you see on this page shows the areas (coloured orange) where this bird has been identified. The basic information was provided by the Avian Demographic Unit based at UCT and I created the maps from that information ... the green dots show the locations of the various Kruger National Park Rest Camps

The European Roller is neither Endemic or near Endemic to the Kruger National Park. It is however a common summer visitor

In terms of distribution of the European Roller in the Kruger National Park you may not see it in all areas. European Roller : Common to Very Common Summer Visitor.

The European Roller.

Identification assistance for this avian species ...

The European Roller is a bird about the same size as a starling. The height of the European Roller is about 31 cms and its weight is about 130 gms

The male and female European Roller have the same plumage and colours

  • Head is blue.
  • Eye is brown.
  • Bill is black.
  • Throat is blue-green.
  • Back is brown.
  • Legs are yellow.

This bird has normally proportioned leg length.

Main diet items for this bird ...

The European Roller feeds on wing mainly


Breeding and nesting habits for this bird ...

The European Roller takes on more than a single mate (it is bigamous).

The nesting habit of European Roller is extra limital

Habitat and flocking behaviour for this bird ...

Names of this avian species in other languages ...

Xhosa ... Unknown

Zulu ... iFefe

Afrikaans ...Europese Troupant

German ... Blauracke

Portuguese ... Rolieiro-europeu

French ... Rollier d'Europe

Dutch ... Scharrelaar

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For in-depth birding information please refer to these authoritative avian references ...

Robert's 7th edition number ... 446

The main reference source for this data was "Roberts - Birds of Southern Africa, 7th Edition" . Other references were "Newmans Birds of the Kruger Park" by Keith Newman published circa 1980 . Names in foreign languages were obtained from the Percy Fitzpatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town website ,