Amethyst Sunbird ( Chalcomitra amethystina, family: Nectariniidae)
Birds & Birding in the Kruger National Park South Africa. In Roberts 6 this bird was called Black Sunbird
The Amethyst Sunbird (Latin name Chalcomitra amethystina) is described in Roberts Birds of Southern Africa, 7th Edition. This bird has a unique Roberts number of 792 and you will find a full description of this bird on page 981 also a picture of the Amethyst Sunbird on page 1008. The Amethyst Sunbird belongs to the family of birds classified as Nectariniidae. According to the Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology the Amethyst Sunbird is also known by these other names: African Black Sunbird.
In the previous edition of Roberts (ie 6th edition) the Amethyst Sunbird was called the Black Sunbird. The Robert's 7 Latin name for Amethyst Sunbird has changed from Nectarinia amethystina in Robert's 6 to Chalcomitra amethystina.
The map of the Kruger you see on this page shows the areas (coloured orange) where this bird has been identified. The basic information was provided by the Avian Demographic Unit based at UCT and I created the maps from that information ... the green dots show the locations of the various Kruger National Park Rest Camps
The Amethyst Sunbird is neither Endemic or near Endemic to the Kruger National Park.
In terms of distribution of the Amethyst Sunbird in the Kruger National Park you may not see it in all areas. Amethyst Sunbird : see above distribution map.
Identification assistance for this avian species ...
One of the first indicators to take note of when trying to identify a bird is it relative size. For example how big is the bird compared to a well known familiar bird. The Amethyst Sunbird is a small bird about the size of a house sparrow. Do not take this relative indicator as anything other than a rough easy to remember indicator. It is not a accurate visualization. The height of the Amethyst Sunbird is about 14 cms and its weight is about 13 gms
The male and female Amethyst Sunbird have the same plumage and colours
- Head is black.
- Eye is brown.
- Bill is black.
- Throat is purple.
- Back is purple, black.
- Legs are black.
This bird has normally proportioned leg length.
Main diet items for this bird ...
The Amethyst Sunbird feeds on the ground, and on the wing mainly
Breeding and nesting habits for this bird ...
The Amethyst Sunbird is monogamous unless its mate dies. In the event of a partner dying Chalcomitra amethystina will seek out a new mate
The nesting habit of Amethyst Sunbird is to create the nest in branches of a tree or shrub. The bird lays eggs which are grey in colour and number between 1 to 3
Habitat and flocking behaviour for this bird ...
The preferred habitats for Amethyst Sunbird are: woodlands . The Amethyst Sunbird is also at home in wetland and bushveld areas.
You can expect to see Amethyst Sunbird in flocks, or pairs or as single birds.
Names of this avian species in other languages ...
Xhosa ... Ingcungcu
Zulu ... Unknown
German ... Amethyst-Glanzkpfchen
Portuguese ... Beija-flor-preto
French ... Souimanga amthyste
Dutch ... Amethist-Honingzuiger
For in-depth birding information please refer to these authoritative avian references ...
Robert's 7th edition number ... 792
The main reference source for this data was "Roberts - Birds of Southern Africa, 7th Edition" . Other references were "Newmans Birds of the Kruger Park" by Keith Newman published circa 1980 . Names in foreign languages were obtained from the Percy Fitzpatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town website , www.fitzpatrick.uct.ac.za